Identities and Governance in Africa
September 27, 2017
Men and masculinities in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
September 27, 2017

Civil Society in Africa

Summary

Flaubert Djateng et Christiane Kayser
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Synthèse des échanges à la rencontre de Ségou, mars 2015 . . . . . . 10
Gilles Olakounlé Yabi
Changer d’avenir en afrique de l’Ouest le pari du Wathi . . . . . . . . . . 13
Jean-Pierre Olivier de Sardan
Réflexions sur la situation en Afrique de l’Ouest . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Abdoulaye Diallo
La situation en Casamance :
défis et opportunités pour la société civile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Kä Mana
Société civile en République Démocratique du Congo
Entre pathologies mortelles et construction d’un pouvoir intelligent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Kamdem Souop
Mort de la tribu originelle et refondation de l’Etat africain . . . . . . . 60
Christiane Kayser
Sociétés civiles : initiatives, mouvements, ONGs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Uta Bracken
Contribuer au changement social ?
Le potentiel et les limites des projets de développement . . . . . . . . 76
Jeanot Minla Mfou’ou
Regards croisés sur les sociétés civiles africaines
À partir des cas du Cameroun, Burundi, Bénin, Côte d’Ivoire,
République Démocratique du Congo, Guinée Conakry et Tchad . . . . . 92
Flaubert Djateng
La Société Civile Camerounaise est elle inutile,
nuisible ou porteuse d’espoir ? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Laura Anyola Tufon
La place des femme dans la gouvernance participative
Comment les Organisations de la Société Civile
répondent-elles aux besoins spécifiques des femmes ? . . . . . . . . . 112
Mamou Daffé
La société civile au Mali : Opportunités et Questionnements . . . . . . 122 Ambroise Dakouo
Jeunesse et réinvention de la gouvernance post-crise au Mali . . . . . 130
Frederick Golooba-Mutebi
Partenariat ou émasculation ?
Les relations Gouvernement – Société Civile au Rwanda . . . . . . . . 138 Djeralar Miankeol
L’accaparement des terres des pauvres dans la Commune de Moundou, au Sud du Tchad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Pierre Kahenga
Ressources foncières au Katanga
Les implications internationales et les mouvements spontanés de résistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156

Introduction

For some time civil societies have been perceived by international actors as a new partner in peace and development actions, guaranteeing more quality in actions affecting local communities, as well as better governance in public policies. But what are these multiform civil societies, often reduced to coordinating non-governmental organizations? What are their links with populations, their objectives, their strengths and weaknesses?

At the same time, the African populations in many countries are experiencing a strengthening of the abyss between the rich and the poor, as well as situations of occasional, conjunctural or structural violence to which reactions vary from helpless or destructive despair through flight to Europe to the peril of life, until the emergence of non-violent citizen movements. The think tank Mapinduzi could not remain indifferent to this phenomenon and decided to look more closely at the range of these phenomena, to analyze the ins and outs of evolutions that arouse hope or fear among the populations and actors in power, with the aim of better challenging the potential for sustainable social transformation. Our meeting with Mapinduzi in March 2015 in Ségou on civil societies and citizen movements allowed us to enrich each other.

The debates were frank, sometimes controversial but always solid and fruitful. Thank you all. We would like to once again thank our Malian hosts, Mamou Daff, Attaher Maiga and all staf of the Koré center for their warm welcome. We were able to take a look at their extraordinary work and the hope they represent in their dear Mali, torn and in danger of plunging into violent conflict.

Our visit to the University of Bamako and the exchanges with professors and students on the current challenges that the African youth is facing has been a fial event worthy of the activities of the week. Thanks to Ambroise Dakouo of ARGA for organizing it. And we are grateful to Bread for the World, Germany, to support this initiative of an Afro-European think tank. As usual, we share with you the contributions of each other.

First you will read a brief summary of our debates and questions summarized by the facilitators and enriched and validated by the group. Then we will enter the contributions: In the first part we present analyzes made by some participants on the challenges that currently arise in West and Central Africa.

Gilles Yabi of the Wathi Network offers us a programmatic text on the key elements for any change. Jean-Pierre Olivier de Sardan talks about the situation of Islamic fundamentalism in Niger and the root causes of its roots. Abdoulaye Diallo explains the situation in Casamance and the challenges for civil society. Godefroid Kä Mana looks at the pathologies of his country, the Democratic Republic of Congo and the impact on civil society.

Kamdem Suop of Cameroon talks about the death of the original tribe and the re-founding of the African state. In a second part, we look at the concept and the various manifestations of what is called civil society. Christiane Kayser looks at recent history in Africa and the Middle East in relation to initiatives and movements bringing about social transformation.

Uta Bracken takes a perspective from a donor’s perspective on the potential and limitations of development projects in relation to sustainable social change. Jeanot Minla Mfou’o shares his experiences with African civil societies in Cameroon, Burundi, Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Guinea Conakry and Chad.

Third, our authors analyze civil society and the citizens’ movements of their respective countries. Flaubert Djateng shares a critical view of Cameroonian civil society. Laura Anyola Tufon focuses on the role of women in participatory governance, following the example of Cameroon. Mamou Daff looks at the opportunities and issues surrounding civil society in Mali. Ambroise Dakouo is studying the situation of Malian youth and the reinvention of governance in Mali today. Frederick Golooba-Mutebi gives his analysis of the relations between the civil society and the State in Rwanda. Djeralar Miankeol examines the land issues in southern Chad.

Enfi Pierre Kahenga shares his experiences with the desperate struggles of peasants and miners relocated to Katanga in the DRC. Your comments and reactions are welcome.

Good reading

Download the PDF file on this link

Yaoundé et Goma, May 2015
Flaubert Djateng, Christiane Kayser






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